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Oral piercing is the practice of puncturing any part of the mouth in order to ornament it using studs, barbells and rings. Oral piercing includes piercing of the lip, tongue and cheek. If people think oral piercing is just cool and fashionable, it also has many problems coming along with it. It is posing a threat to dental health in many people. There are many possible side effects of oral piercing. Common symptoms after oral piercing include pain, swelling, infection, bleeding, an increased flow of saliva and injuries to the gums, teeth and tongue. These are just normal symptoms that can be found after piercing. But if these symptoms persist even after healing and start interfering with your daily activities then it is something very serious. The potential side effects of oral piercing include:
Our mouth is a very moist area. Moist areas are the favorite place for bacteria to breed. This can lead to infection after an oral piercing. Wound that is caused due to piercing increases the chance of infection making it worse.
Swelling is very common after piercing but if the swelling causes too much of pain then it can be serious. There is also a possibility that the tongue can swell large enough to block your airway and prevent breathing. Swelling is also accompanied by unbearable pain.
Bleeding causes if the blood vessels are punctured and destroyed by the piercing needle. In certain cases, there may be serious blood loss also. Bleeding can also be caused due to nerve damage.
Nerve damage during piercing process not only causes blood loss but also cause numbness or loss of sensation and also movement problems.
The jewelry in the mouth can cause excessive saliva flow, make mild changes when you talk and also interfere with your ability to eat and chew your food.
The studs that are used as jewelry can be allergic for a few people causing severe infection of the mouth. These metals become loose in mouth causing further problems. In such cases, if the metal jewelry is swallowed, could cause damage to the lungs or digestive track.
Contact with the metal jewelry can damage your teeth causing fracture. Teeth can also chip and crack with the contact with the jewelry.
Soft tissues of the gums are also easily prone to damage due to contact with low quality metals used fore piercing. This can cause decay of tooth, loss of tooth and periodontal diseases.
Oral piercing has been identified as a possible factor in transmitting hepatitis B, C, D, G and HIV infections.
Endocarditis is an inflammation of the heart valves or tissues. The wound created during oral piercing provides an opportunity for oral bacteria to enter the bloodstream, where they can travel to the heart.